The SADC Wrap: Elections to come early to Lesotho
Elections will be held two years early inÂ LesothoÂ as the country heads to the polls to resolve its ongoing political crisis.
Prime Minister Thomas Thabane suspended parliament in June to block a vote of no confidence after losing the support of his deputy Mothetjoa Metsing, leader of one of the main partners in hisÂ coalition government.
Now, it seems South Africaâ€™s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa has helped negotiate a way out of the conflict.
According to theÂ Maseru Facilitation Declaration, the rival factions have committed to the reopening of Lesothoâ€™s parliament onÂ October 17, when only election plans will be discussed and nobody will sneakily try to oust Thabane. It will then be dissolved in early December for the parties to begin campaigning. And in late February next year, the country will vote.
But will this be enough?
As journalist and activistÂ Levi KabwatoÂ notes inÂ this piece, itâ€™s unlikely any party will earn theÂ necessary 61% for an outright majority â€“ which will leave the country with a fragile, hung parliament all over again.
â€œThe pitfall of this, therefore, is that in March or April 2015, Lesotho may actually be back where it is now, plunged deep in a continuation of the current political crisis. So, should Ramaphosa be patting himself on the back after all?â€
Meanwhile, the countryâ€™s security situation was only vaguely addressed at the announcement. The failed-quasi-coup at the end of August was heralded by an army attack on police headquarters â€“ and last Tuesday, just two days before the elections announcement, there was another shoot-outÂ between the army and the police.
How will conflict between the army and the police force be resolved?Â And while weâ€™re at it, justÂ who is in charge of the armyÂ â€“ Thabaneâ€™s appointee Maaparankoe Mahao or former chief Tlali Kamoli, accused of escaping for the hills with looted weaponry after the non-coup?
â€” Erin Bates (@erinmarisabates) October 2, 2014
Did Ramaphosa explain who the head of the #Lesotho army is?? How did I completely miss that?!
â€” Yashini Padayachee (@YashPaddy) October 2, 2014
It’s becoming clear that everyone’s plan in Lesotho is to publicly ignore the LDF power issue. Must be fascinating negotiations in private.
â€” Charles Fogelman (@charlesfogelman) October 3, 2014
RamaphosaÂ will reportedly meet with KamoliÂ in the coming week. A woman made homeless during a series of forced evictionsÂ attempted public suicideÂ inÂ SwazilandÂ last week. This came after she and 15 other families wereÂ thrown off land where the government is buildingÂ Biotechnology Park, a 158-hectare projectÂ partially funded by Taiwan, to serve as an innovation hub in the country, specifically for food production. But according to theÂ South African Litigation Centre, the evictions were illegal. â€œOn 8 September 2014 this interim order [to evict the residents] was made final and the residents immediately lodged an appeal to the order,â€Â writes SALC lawyer Caroline James. â€œAppeals to eviction orders ordinarily stay the execution of the orders, and soÂ this should have prohibited the government officials from evicting any personÂ named in the eviction order.â€ It didnâ€™t.
The woman, whose family of 10 is now homeless, was restrained before she could harm herself,Â reports the Times of Swaziland: â€œShe was heard screaming: â€œNgingamane ngife! (Itâ€™s better to die!)â€
Southern Africa performed best in the newly releasedÂ Ibrahim Index of African GovernanceÂ â€“ with Lesotho, South Africa, the Seychelles and Namibia all in the top 10 (ZimbabweÂ drags us downÂ considerably at #46).
The rankings are determined by four categories: Safety and Rule of Law, Participation and Human Rights, Sustainable Economic Opportunity, and Human Development.Â And in fact it was SADC island state Mauritius that took the top spot, with a score of 81.7 out of 100.
Safety and Rule of Law category and,Â as this piece notes, is â€œone of few African countries to transform its mineral wealth into political stability and widespread gains for its citizensâ€.
But as Africa analystÂ Liesl Louw-VaudranÂ writesÂ inÂ this pieceÂ (which is well worth reading in its entirety), an investor-friendly image internationally does not necessarily translate into squeaky clean behaviour back home.
She writes that civil society organisations dispute the rankings â€œbecause the Botswana government was increasingly restricting basic freedoms of expression and was unwilling to engage civil society organisations in the countryâ€.
â€œIn the latest attack on the media in Botswana, the Sunday Standard editor Outsa Mokone was arrested last month and charged with sedition following an article in the newspaper about [president Ian] Khamaâ€™s alleged involvement in a car crash.â€
The journalist who wrote that article is now living in exile after receiving information his life was in danger,Â telling the Daily Maverickâ€˜s Simon Allison:Â â€œThe intimidation of journalists hasnâ€™t been in the form of physical harassment before, it has always been in the form of using the legal system to silence us.Â But now it has taken a new form. Itâ€™s now getting into physical threats, threats of harm. Right now we have an administration in Botswana that is inward-looking, intolerant to dissent and divergent views.â€
AsÂ this editorialÂ on Mmegi Online noted: â€œLack of progressive legislations such as freedom of information law, declaration of assets and liabilities laws, state political party funding, and many other laws is a clear sign of deficiency in our democratic setup. Further, lack of accountability by those in power; recent attack on the independent press, and abuse of state resources by the ruling party at the disadvantage of their opponents is a worrying development.â€
All of this in the weeks leading up to the countryâ€™s elections at the end of the month? Interesting times.
ButÂ according to Reuters, civil society and opposition politicians say â€œthe version passed on Thursday is too limited and does not establish a federal system that many wantedâ€. Theyâ€™ve called for nationwide protests.
According to VOA, â€œCritics say the government appears to be rushing to complete the new constitution. They contend the draft constitution is unlikely to lead to a governing document that represents the will of the people.â€
And theÂ local GuardianÂ quoted a professor involved in the original drafting of the constitution as saying that the version passed last week was quite different to what theyâ€™d intended.
â€œI fear this passed draft constitution cannot lead to a good governing document that represents the will of the people â€¦ The proposed constitution is contrary to the targets that we set for ourselves, to get a good constitution.â€
The country goes to the polls on October 15. AÂ SADC observer missionÂ was deployed there last week and campaigning is well under way.
But civil society isÂ warning policeÂ to be on guard and unbiased in the coming weeks, after supporters of the ruling party Frelimo attacked the motorcade of another partyâ€™s presidential candidate two weeks ago. When his supporters protested in turn, they were violently dispersed by police.
Meanwhile, leader of opposition party Renamo, Afonso Dhlakama, was wooing potential voters withÂ a speechÂ that kind of terrifies: â€œWhen I try to serve you, along comes a little machine and provokes me. When I am president, nobody will provoke me and even if they do, nothing will happen to me because I will have all the laws and everything else under control.â€
Meanwhile,Â NamibiaÂ announced last weekÂ that it will hold parliamentary and presidential elections on November 28. Namibians overseas will vote on November 14.
And Amal Alamuddin and George Clooney are reportedly/allegedly/gossipinglyÂ honeymooning in theÂ Seychelles. If thatâ€™s not news, I donâ€™t know what is.
Kristen van Schie is a South African journalist working at the Weekend Argus in Cape Town. Raised in Namibia, the United Arab Emirates and South Africa, she has reported from the Central African Republic, Somalia, Syria, Namibia, Vietnam, Antarctica, and a ship in the Indian Ocean. She is a three-time winner at the Sikuvile Journalism Awards, South Africaâ€™s premier newspaper awards. She blogs about news from the region at The SADC Wrap. Follow her on Twitter.