On Wednesday, the University of Cape Town (UCT) shut down all its campuses for the remainder of the week. UCT had attempted to resume academic activity this week despite attempts by protesters to disrupt classes.
The university says it has reached a point where the only way they can maintain order is to increase security and allow intervention by the South African Police Services. This would only serve to aggravate the situation and could lead to serious injury and “even lives being at risk.”
Early on Tuesday evening, protesting students tried – unsuccessfully – to reoccupy the Steve Biko Students’ Union building which they had been “unlawfully” occupying for the past couple of weeks.
According to a campus announcement sent out by UCT spokesperson Gerda Kruger, “the building was secured with new locks and private security were placed at entrances to ensure the group did not reoccupy the building.”
After midnight, a group of about 200 protesters again attempted to reoccupy the building and clashed with campus security.
Scuffles broke out and students reportedly threw stones at security guards who had formed a human chain around the building. Students reportedly broke doors and windows attempting to enter the building, and two students managed to find their way inside.
According to News24, stun grenades and teargas were fired in an attempt to disperse protestors.
Protesters started fires and threw several petrol bombs in the parking area outside the Steve Biko building. Several separate fires were also set on upper campus.
The University called the South African Police Services (SAPS) to bring the situation under control. All the fires were extinguished.
— Graeme Raubenheimer (@GraemeRauby) October 5, 2016
So far, eight students have been arrested at UCT this week.
Six students were arrested on Monday for disrupting classes, and on Tuesday morning, two more students were arrested. One of the two apparently also contravened a court order. According to Vice Chancellor Max Price, the students had repeatedly re-established barricades and were intimidating students. One of the arrested students was UCT SRC candidate Masixole Mlandu.
Up to now we do not know the whereabouts of Masixole Mlandu and Sibusiso Mpendulo who were arrested this morning #BringBackOurCadres
— #BringBackOurCadres (@FeesMustFallWC) October 4, 2016
Six of the eight students have since been released.
In an announcement made to the campus community, Price said that UCT will institute disciplinary action against the eight students arrested this week. “We are reacting to the interferences with teaching and operations in a manner that avoids, at all costs, actions that will provoke violence,” he said.
According to student activist Chumani Maxwele, known for his involvement in the #RhodesMustFall and #FeesMustFall protests, the university has reopened without addressing students’ and workers’ demands, and students are now protesting for the university to address these.
Some of their demands are for the university to lift the internal and external charges on protesting students and to allow the students and the vice chancellor to engage in a truth and reconciliation commission. The commission will serve to iron out all issues that took place during the #Shackville protests earlier this year, when students erected shacks on campus to highlight housing issues.
Although the university has agreed to engage with the students concerning #ShackvilleTRC, according to Maxwele, such a commission cannot convene unless the suspensions and expulsions of protesting students have been lifted.
“There is no way that you can have talks with criminals; the university has criminalised students,” he said.
Students also want the removal of private security and police, which they believe has militarised the campus.
Maxwele’s calls for reconciliation and the demilitarisation of campus echoes a resolution taken by the Dean’s Advisory Committee of the humanities faculty last week.
Maxwele said university management need to “come up with visionary leadership, engage the students, be in the forefront and ask what is the problem”.
Protest action continues
On Wednesday, the university attempted to operate as usual with a heavy police presence, despite the student demonstrations around campus.
— Erin Bates (@ermbates) October 5, 2016
A mass meeting was also held at the Leslie social science building, also known as Saartjie Baartman House, on upper campus where Dr Lwazi Lushaba addressed the collective. Some of the topics that were addressed include black suffering, the criticism of black vice chancellors, who the students feel failed to uphold their cause, and calls for black academics to boycott teaching.
— The Daily VOX (@thedailyvox) October 5, 2016
Vice chancellor Max Price is due to meet with protesting students outside Bremner House on Wednesday afternoon.
— The Daily VOX (@thedailyvox) October 5, 2016