Itâ€™s almost time for Ramadan 1439 (2018 in the Gregorian calendar) in South Africa. But what is Ramadan and what does it mean? Our resident Muslims SHAAZIA EBRAHIM and FATIMA MOOSA decided to uncomplicate things and answer some of your frequently asked questions about the Muslim fasting month.
What exactly is Ramadan?
Shaazia: Itâ€™s the name of a month in the Muslim calendar where Muslims fast, meaning they donâ€™t eat from sunrise to sunset. But itâ€™s more than that.
Fatima: Traditionally itâ€™s understood that way. But for many Muslims, itâ€™s a month to get closer to God, to reflect on what it means to be Muslim, to pray more, to give charity.
When exactly does Ramadan start? And when does it end?
S: This is slightly complicated because the Islamic calendar follows the lunar calendar so Ramadan starts and ends at different times.
F: Last year it started at the beginning of June and this year itâ€™s starting in the middle of May.
S: Itâ€™s basically 29-30 days depending on when we sight the moon.
So what does fasting mean?
S: When you fast, youâ€™re not allowed to have anything pass through your lips from sunrise until sunset.
F: And as kids we were told it was about feeling the pain of the less fortunate. But what does it mean to you now that youâ€™re older?
S: When youâ€™re older, you realise fasting isnâ€™t just about not eating and being poverty-stricken because obviously Muslims come from all different backgrounds and class backgrounds. So some people have the reality of fasting like that. Fasting is about removing yourself from world possessions and worldly desires and coming to terms with yourself.
“What time is maghrib?”
On a normal day: “so 6 ish”
During Ramadaan: “17:52 and 38 seconds”
â€” Azzi Azwald (@eazyazzi_) May 23, 2017
But likeâ€¦ Not even water? What about lipstick or Vaseline?
S: Yes, the most famous question of all time. Yes, when youâ€™re fasting, youâ€™re not even allowed to have water. Also I get asked this a lot are you allowed to wear lipstick or Vaselineâ€¦
F: If your lips are dry, you can use Vaseline.
S: Itâ€™s not like youâ€™re going to use a bit of lipstick and then be satisfied.
F: We donâ€™t get so hungry that the taste of lipstick would be appetising.
Ramadan Mubarak âœ¨ pic.twitter.com/gwZWwlpaj4
â€” Hana âœ¨ (@ItsHanaaaaa) June 18, 2015
Do we fast to lose weight?
S: Once someone asked me if I was cheating because I hadnâ€™t lost any weight.
F: As we mentioned the point of fasting goes way beyond just starving ourselves and not eating. Itâ€™s spiritual. And people actually eat way more in the month because we get to eat all of the goodies we donâ€™t usually eat.
S: It depends on you. Some people lose weight, some donâ€™t. But itâ€™s not the point.
Is it practiced by every Muslim despite your age, etc?
S: Itâ€™s compulsory for Muslims who hit puberty to fast but not everyone fasts.
F: People have their own personal reasons why they donâ€™t want to fast and why they canâ€™t fast. It all depends on a person and their own reasons. As for kidsâ€¦
S: So I started fasting at the age of eight and that wasnâ€™t because my parents told me to. And what about you?
F: I started when I was seven and it was a culture of everyone fasting in the house and it made you feel part of something. My parents didnâ€™t force me. On the contrary they probably said I was too young but it was my choice.
S: It doesnâ€™t take away from the experience of someone who was forced as kids but thatâ€™s not our experience.
If I start fasting on day one, do I have to fast until the last day or are there exceptions?
S: This goes back to our previous question. As for women, we donâ€™t fast when we menstruate.
F: It depends on the person.
when men shame you for publicly eating during Ramadan when ur on ur period pic.twitter.com/asBdFLU1v9
â€” liyali ðŸ‡¾ðŸ‡ª (@leelaymn) May 25, 2017
Do you guys have a fast-breaking ritual or something?
S: Iftaar – for me – is when we all sit around the table and wait for the evening call to prayer to break our fast. We have a date and some water and then we go pray the evening prayer and come back and eat.
F: We always like to have sweet things and tea. Tea is a really important But again, everybody’s experience of fasting is different.
Someone started wearing the hijab before Ramadan, and they were asked if that meant they were no longer single.
S: I donâ€™t know where to begin with that, maybe we should start with why people wear the hijab or the headscarf.
F: Like with many things, there are many reasons. I wear it because I believe I am fulfilling a certain edict of Islam which is about modesty and obeying the rules of the religion. In Ramadan, some people wear it because itâ€™s the month of spirituality and it makes them feel closer to God.
S: Sometimes in Ramadan I wear the headscarf, and sometimes I donâ€™t. It really depends on how Iâ€™m feeling.
F: Wearing the headscarf or the hijab is in no way connected to your marital status.
In the train station, if another man knocks against you, does touching him break your fast?
S: No. If a man or a woman touches you, it doesnâ€™t break your fast.
F: Eating breaks your fast. But what happens if you accidentally eat?
S: This happens to me every single year! I always accidentally eat because I forget Iâ€™m fasting. It doesnâ€™t break your fast, you just have to be more mindful of the fact that youâ€™re fasting.
F: But thereâ€™s emphasis on accidentally. It’s the month of spirituality so remember Godâ€™s watching.
When you want to hold hands but you know Ramadan is starting soon pic.twitter.com/NO2amy8aBl
â€” NANA JIBRIL ðŸŒ™ðŸ³ï¸â€ðŸŒˆ (@girlswithtoys) May 26, 2017
Does it offend you if I eat in front of you?
S: Personally, not at all.
F: Iâ€™ve been fasting for almost more than half of my life, so not. But again you should ask someone if it offends them or not.
S: But have you ever met someone that it offends?
F: No. Anyway itâ€™s the month of patience soâ€¦
When you say something you dont mean during Ramadan. pic.twitter.com/WLjvzmIWEM
â€” Omar Silwadi (@Fala7i_King) May 24, 2017
In the month of Ramadan, on 26 May, is a very important day for Liverpool fans. Will Mo Salah and Sadio Mane be fasting during the Uefa Champions League Final?
S: Well, Fatima given your attire I feel like youâ€™re the most qualified person from the two of us to answer that question.
F: Sportspeople do fast and compete in sports. Thereâ€™s a lot of sportspeople who spoken out about this but the Champions League game is going to be at night so I donâ€™t think theyâ€™d be fasting. They might not even be fasting on that day – and thatâ€™s totally fine because itâ€™s their job.
You can watch the interview below.
If you have questions that we havenâ€™t answered, tweet us @thedailyvox or comment below and we will try to answer any questions you may have.