City Press editor-in-chief Mondli Makhanya’s column on why we must not want to be Winnie exposes the patriarchal lense through which society views strong (black) women in leadership roles. Makhanya doesn’t afford her the same leeway men in leadership roles to be human.
Using the anecdote of Mam’ Winnie keeping Mandela waiting in prison before his release as a way of painting her as an undevoted wife is an attempt to box her in as the doe-eyed, white handkerchief clutched, waiting out the final seconds before her husband is set free. Winnie Madikizela was her own person leading a life where her husband wasn’t the centre of her existence. She didn’t fight apartheid to free Nelson. She fought apartheid to free herself and her people.
Not my recollection: when Mandela’s release was announced Winnie & Zindzi were at a funeral of Z’s boyfriend who had died in detention. Boarding jet early Sunday morning Winnie carried her grandchild in her arms (plenty of footage to back-up) go figure
— Anli Serfontein (@anliserfontein) April 9, 2018
“Even when the aeroplane arrived in Cape Town,” Makhanya writes, “she was still in need of some good rest so that, by the time she got to Victor Verster Prison, Mandela would be able to recognise his spouse and be excited to see her.” Would her husband of three decades not recognise his wife who was his eyes and ears outside if she was in a ‘not-so-good state of mind?’ Was she not wearing his favourite shade of lipstick?
He recognises that the South African public’s view of her has been divided into polar opposites, one of villain and one of saint. But Makhanya still plays into the villanisation of Mam’ Winnie that the apartheid government devoted so much time and resources to. He doesn’t mention that the stories of infidelity, drunkenness, and instability were planted in the local and international media by the covert strategic communication operation (Stratcom) of the Security Branch, that section of the police that was especially devoted to quashing the anti-apartheid struggle. eNCA did an interview with a former member of the branch, Paul Erasmus who told them of how he would say Winnie was drunk at parties when she wasn’t. “[I] wrote pieces which were believed which were outrageous,” he chuckled, still in disbelief. Erasmus also admitted to using political messaging to drive divisions between her and the party.
A former security operative of Stratcom, Paul Erasmus, speaks about the campaign to discredit Winnie Madikizela-Mandela.
— Mabena Motshoane (@MotshoaneMabena) April 8, 2018
Makhanya mentions the kidnapping of Moeketsi “Stompie” Seipei and the distancing of the Mass Democratic Movement, an alliance of anti-apartheid groups, from her. What he fails to mention is that the apartheid government was also flexing its puppet strings. The wide unhindered coverage of Seipei’s funeral added fuel to the fire set to burn Mam’ Winnie. Her response to this situation was one of recognising that there were larger forces at play.
“Perhaps the idea is to so destabilise the political situation in black communities that the government simply sits back and looks at us fighting amongst each other, discrediting each other, dividing each other, and it would suit the government to release comrade Mandela in that political atmosphere.” Quote starts at 1:13 in the video below.
3. The murder of Stompie was used to divide and destabilize the Black community. Winnie Mandela was blamed for the murder that even the UDF/MDM distanced themselves from her. The apartheid government exploited the narrative to turn the Black community against Winnie Mandela. pic.twitter.com/QIojYamgvt
— KatlehoMK 🇿🇦 (@KatlehoMK) March 22, 2018
Makhanya’s comments come in the manner that the apartheid government used to besmirch Mam’ Winnie’s reputation, decades after the systems that were created purely to keep an eye on and control the public’s perception of her were closed down. Women should strive to be like Winnie, defiantly feminist, unapologetic, and doing what needs to be done despite what authority tells you to do. Become the “damaged goods” in the fight for what you think is right. The fight against the legacies of apartheid and misogyny is not over.