On Thursday, President Jacob Zuma visited the Thembelihle informal settlement in Lenasia, for the formal launch of local government’s electricity supply to the settlement. Johannesburg mayor Parks Tau, speaking at the event, said all informal settlements in Johannesburg will be similarly electrified, and his government has committed R172-million to the project.
According to the NGO, SERI-SA, the Thembelihle settlement “was established on municipal-owned land in the mid-1980s by rural migrants and employees of a brick manufacturing company.”
Years, and many, many protests later, the settlement is formally being electrified.
The process of electrification has however been arduous, as residents, through the years, have resorted to illegal connections to power their dwellings. City Power, the Johannesburg power utility, has attributed recent power outages in the city to illegal electricity connections in places like Thembelihle.
In a place like this, illegal connections have been a norm.
A stroll through the densely populated settlement exposes the masses of illegal electricity connections jostling for space with children holding onto their dolls, careful to avoid live wires as they play in the shade of the shacks in Thembelihle. A coil of these cables loom over their heads, and the children know that the slightest mishap could result in death.
“Our parents told us these things are dangerous so we know that we shouldn’t play with them. But some children didn’t listen and now they’ve died,” said 11-year-old Tholakele Majola.
Approximately 6,500 out of the 8,000 stands at Thembelihle informal settlement in Lenasia, south of Johannesburg are connected illegally to nearby electricity boxes and street lights. The informal settlement is said to host 20,000 shacks. Residents pay anything between R50 to R80 as a once-off fee to get their homes electrified, and continue paying this amount if the cables need to be fixed or reconnected on a weekly or monthly basis.
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According to City Power spokesperson Hloni Motloung, over 80% of the outages in the south of Johannesburg are as a result of network overload, caused by backyard shacks connected illegally into the network – through bypassed meters from the main houses.
“Areas like Zakariyya Park, Pimville Zone 9, meters are bypassed completely and infested with backyard shacks. An average of five to six backyard shacks per main house. This results in network overload and equipment failure, resulting in extended outages which last an average of five days or more,” Motloung said.
Motloung added that the Lenasia depot technical team has been replacing faulty equipment as a solution to the problem. The equipment has been failing repeatedly due to continuous overload as a result of meter bypass and illegal connections.
However activist Nhlakanipho Ndlovu, who lives in Thembelihle, argues that residents have had no other plan but to connect electricity illegally because government hasn’t delivered on its promises. “These are basic services that people shouldn’t be struggling for, they need it and government is not providing it. I’m in support of residents because people have been protesting for electricity for over 10 years and the government hadn’t done much until recently,” Ndlovu said.
While residents of the informal settlement are in the process of having electricity meters installed in their homes, many of them don’t know how the meters will operate.
“I don’t know how it’ll work. I was just told that we’re getting meters installed and we’re getting electricity. I have waited many years for this to happen because it’s been difficult over the years without electricity,” said Nosisi Mthembu who cut off her illegal connections three years ago when it began making her home unsafe for her three children.
“Some days you’d get a shock from just touching the door or the shack itself. That’s when I realised that it was no longer safe for my children. I cut off the wires and we’ve been using paraffin and candles ever since,” Mthembu said.
Motloung said City Power had taken various steps to curb the illegal connections, including mobilising technicians in teams per area and allocating a transformer zone per team.
“The scope of each team is to unbridge all the meters, remove illegal connections, balance the load amongst the phases, replace the missing fuses, lock the protective structures and fix/replace the faulty equipment, deploy intelligence to catch those responsible for bridging meters,” he said.
Cable theft is another challenge City Power is facing, with the utility spending over R267 million to replace copper cables with Aerial Bundled Conductors (ABC) to reduce power outages and curb cable theft.
Cable theft has conservatively estimated to cost the South African economy about R5 billion a year directly and indirectly. “The industry has lamented the scourge of cable theft and has collectively lobbied government to classify cable theft as an act of economic sabotage due to the debilitating impact of cable theft on the economy,” said Motloung.
Featured image via CityPowerJhb on Twitter