When Chevrolet FC posted images of a soccer pitch they had rebuilt for a poverty-stricken school in Gauteng, a few online users were unimpressed. Where was the grass on the field, they asked.
This brand new soccer field in South Africa will bring play and empowerment to girls in the community. pic.twitter.com/Lk1v84UTxH
— Chevrolet FC (@ChevroletFC) September 13, 2014
Chevrolet captioned their photographs, saying the rebuilt soccer pitch would empower girls from Mabu-a-tlou Primary School in Hammanskraal, a rural community. But the grassless pitch provoked ridicule, with people asking if this was the best Chevrolet could do for the country’s poor.
@ChevroletFC How can dirt with chalk on it be called a field? :\
— topher (@CrackinWax) September 21, 2014
@ma_Ndosi yeah its doesn’t make sense, they have to build a european standard pitch.
— Gabriel benjamin (@Gabrieljazzy) September 17, 2014
Chevrolet FC, a division of America’s General Motors car manufacturing giant Chevrolet, sponsored the pitch renovations to the tune of “hundreds of thousands of rands” under its “What Do You #PlayFor?” global campaign, according to Gishma Johnson, corporate communications manager for General Motors South Africa. The pitch itself was built by the Dreamfields Project, a non-profit organisation that provides soccer resources to rural and township communities.
General Motors said the initiative aims to empower underprivileged children, but had Chevrolet’s grassless pitch accomplished this goal or had it ripped off a poor community?
Africa has long been a focus for global activists looking do some good but in many cases misguided aid efforts have done more damage than good. In 2010 for example, American businessman Jason Sadler tried to help Africa by collecting one million t-shirts and donating them to Africans. Sadler had never been to Africa and failed to recognise that many Africans do have t-shirts. Worse, he failed to anticipate that flooding the market with free t-shirts would put already poor Africans who made their living selling t-shirts out of business.
This is just one example of what has come to be known as “bad aid” – an aid effort that hasn’t been thought all the way through. Was Chevy’s sand pitch another?
In the case against Chevrolet however, Internet users may have been too hasty in their criticism of the grassless field. Chevrolet, it turns out, had actually thought further than the publicity stills and its decision to set up a sand pitch instead of a grass one was a considered one.
John Perlman, founder of the Dreamfields Project, told the Daily Vox that water scarcity, a perennial problem in Hammanskraal, was a major consideration in choosing to provide a sand rather than grass pitch for the school as the organisation had to ensure that the soccer pitch would be sustainable in the long term
“This community barely has enough water to drink. You can’t make a commitment to put a grass field in if you don’t know how you’re going to water it,” Perlman said.
“With a grass pitch, they would need to refertilise it, aerate the fields and put new topsoil on. It could cost between R40,000 to R50,000 a year,” he added.
The Mabu-a-tlou Primary School and the Hammanskraal community will take over the maintenance the field after the first three months. This will include brushing the surface, re-marking the lines, and raking the field to maintain a level pitch.
Nancy Phale, a teacher at Mabu-a-tlou Primary School told the Daily Vox that the school would not have had the funding to maintain a grass pitch and that the sand pitch installed was a vast upgrade from the previous playing field, which was overrun with weeds and thorns, and littered with broken bottles.
Phale said the children were “over the moon” and “so excited” about the new pitch. “Every day our children are at the soccer field after their lessons,” she said.
While well intentioned, the outpouring of outrage on behalf of Hammanskraal’s children may have been misplaced and desktop activists would do well to remember the lessons of bad aid.